Category: Dermatology

Eczema Awareness Month; What is Eczema?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that is characterized by inflammation, itching, and redness of the skin.  It can affect people of all ages, from infants to adults, and can vary in severity.  Here are some common symptoms and treatment options for eczema:


  • Itching (Puritus):  Intense itching is a hallmark symptom of eczema and is often the most distressing for individuals with the condition.
  • Redness (Erythema):  Affected skin may appear red or inflamed, particularly during flare-ups.
  • Dry Skin:  Eczema often causes the skin to become excessively dry, leading to flaking or peeling.
  • Rash:  A rash may develop, characterized by small, raised bumps that may ooze or crust over when scratched.
  • Swelling: Inflammation can lead to swelling in the affected area.
  • Cracking and Peeling: The skin can become rough, cracked, and scaly.
  • Pain or Discomfort: In severe cases, eczema can be painful and cause discomfort.

There are numerous treatment options which include emollients, moisturizers, topical steroids, antihistamines, biologics, and allergen testing.  Stress management is also a treatment option since stress can exacerbate eczema symptoms.  Learning stress-reduction techniques, such as mindfulness and relaxation exercises, can be beneficial.

It is crucial to note that eczema management is individualized, and what works for one person may not work for another.  A dermatologist should evaluate and create a personalized treatment plan for everyone with eczema.  Additionally, ongoing skincare routines and lifestyle modifications are essential for long-term eczema control.

Eczema on mans hands

Alopecia Areata Awareness Month; What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune skin disorder that leads to hair loss, typically in small, round patches on the scalp and other areas of the body. In this condition, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, which are the structures from which hair grows. This attack causes the hair follicles to become smaller and enter a dormant state, leading to temporary hair loss.

The exact cause of alopecia areata is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and immune system factors. It can affect people of all ages and genders, and its severity can vary widely from person to person. Sometimes, the condition can progress to more extensive hair loss, involving larger areas of the scalp or even the entire scalp (alopecia totalis) or the entire body (alopecia universalis).

Alopecia areata is not a contagious or life-threatening condition, but it can have a significant impact on a person’s self-esteem and quality of life, as hair is often considered an important aspect of one’s appearance. There is no known cure for alopecia areata, but various treatments are available to help stimulate hair regrowth and manage the condition. These treatments include topical corticosteroids, topical immunotherapy, oral medications, and in some cases, hair transplant procedures.

If you or someone you know is experiencing hair loss, it’s important to consult with a dermatologist to determine the underlying cause and explore appropriate treatment options.

Alopecia areata

Vitiligo Awareness Month; What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes patches of the skin to lose their pigmentation. It affects about 1-4% of the population worldwide and is more common among people with a family history.

Vitiligo is not contagious, and the exact cause is not yet known. Some experts believe it can be an autoimmune disorder which occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own cells. Other potential causes include sunburn, genetics, stress, and certain medications.

Treatment for vitiligo can vary depending on the severity of the condition and can include topical steroids, ultraviolet light therapy, oral medications, topical creams, and camouflage makeup.

Vitiligo on hands and wrists

What To Expect With Mohs Surgery

Known as the gold standard in treating skin cancers, micrographic Mohs surgery is a highly effective treatment for the removal of the most common types of skin cancers. It is actually named for the medical student who perfected it back in the 1930s, but has since been modified to today’s standards. If your dermatologist has recommended this procedure to treat your skin cancer, here is what to expect with Mohs surgery.

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Understanding The Different Types Of Acne

Whether you have “not so fond” memories of acne breakouts as a teen, you continue to have blemish problems even as an adult, or you have a teen suffering with it now, acne is embarrassing and can be painful. Understanding the different types of acne will help you know how to treat it as an adult or with your own teen, and when to see Uderm.

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