Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes patches of the skin to lose their pigmentation. It affects about 1-4% of the population worldwide and is more common among people with a family history.
Vitiligo is not contagious, and the exact cause is not yet known. Some experts believe it can be an autoimmune disorder which occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks its own cells. Other potential causes include sunburn, genetics, stress, and certain medications.
Treatment for vitiligo can vary depending on the severity of the condition and can include topical steroids, ultraviolet light therapy, oral medications, topical creams, and camouflage makeup.